Aditi Panda

World Population Day, simply centres on the necessity and magnitude of issues related to the escalating population.

India is a multi cultural-multi lingual nation with an overabundance of religious days and festivals being observed throughout the year. Along with the already existing list, the celebration of Father’s Day, Mother Day, Valentine’s Day, Friendship day has also become fashionable. The adolescents love to rejoice on the days like Rose day, Hug day, and Chocolate day to mark new relationships.

Apart from all the above days the world also celebrates days on a global level like International day for women and World environment day etc. In sync with this, very few people are aware that 11th July is celebrated as “World Population day “globally.

World Population Day was started by the then Governing Council of the United Nations Development Programme in 1989, a result of the concern created by the Day of Five Billion, which was observed on 11 July 1987.

“Genuinely in western countries they have limited festivals and that is the main reason they have to think of more occasions to meet and celebrate so they have actually invented these days but in India we already are bogged down with the never ending jayantis and festivals. It’s more important to talk about vital days with a cause like the ‘World Population day. If we ask people around, I am sure only 1 out of 20 must be aware of it, may be less,” shares in Sumeet Swain studying Architecture.

The theme for this year is; “Family Planning is a Human Right”, because this year marks the 50th anniversary of the 1968 International Conference on Human Rights, where family planning for the first time was confirmed as a human right around the world.

“My slogan for today and always was celebrate World Population Day to enjoy lesser crowd in future. Every city has become overcrowded. Only few years back you reached Nandankanan in 30 minutes but today even though we have better roads and faster cars the ride takes you 10 times more because of the stream of never ending cars around you. If this is the case in Bhubaneswar, one cannot imagine the traffic issues in metropolitan cities. This is all because of the huge population which is burgeoning every day”, feels Shantanu Ratha, working in the corporate sector.

The rise in population has indirectly increased inflation, corruption to get resources that are not easily available and the struggle to get access to the basic amenities like water and fresh air. The cities have become polluted and the environment very harmful to live because of the paucity of space to live.

Nandita Behera, teaching in a local school says, “The population is increasing but only in the under privileged and slum strata of the society where the parents are unable to provide the basic needs to the children. The children end up as child labourers or get into petty crimes. In educated families many young couples choose to stay child less by choice as they are apprehensive of parenting and do not want to take a break in their lucrative careers. As civil society, it’s our duty to try and curb this population explosion, which is a burning issue”.

Some very interesting slogans this World Population day were:

‘Save the earth from over-exploitation caused by over population’

‘Adopt a child instead of giving birth to your own child’

‘Control overpopulation to remain away from starvation’

‘Control the population to maintain the happy life’

‘World Population Day aware us to raise voice against overpopulation’

‘It is difficult to reduce the population however not impossible’

‘Take the pledge to control population’

So what are you waiting for; take your pick and select one Slogan to spread awareness on the harmful effects of the rapidly growing population on the future generation who will have to put in a great effort to access even the basic needs to stay alive.

It’s more essential to spend some time to observe and create awareness on significant issues, together with the celebrations going right through the year.

(Aditi is a freelance writer and pursues interest in the area of social issues)


  1. The population in the world will soon reach a point where planet Earth cannot sustain anymore life. It is simple high school logic; we learn that we use non-renewable resources, such as oil, and renewable resources, such as livestock, and vegetation to survive. These renewable resources cannot ‘renew’ fast enough to sustain life on Earth. Like a parasite, Earth’s population will continue to grow exponentially until space and resources deplete.

    In India the population is too dense in the eastern patch, UP, Bihar, Bengal, Jharkhand etc, housing almost 1/3rd of the nation’s population, a few patch in kerala and Maharashtra and some scattered spots denoting cities NCR, Bangalore, Chennai, Hyderabad etc. 

    Here are some ways in which population explosion can be checked

    Increase the legal age for marriage
    A marriage at a young age leads to a long span for giving birth. Also young age marriage devoid people of the education and awareness required to be sensitive towards and understand the consequences of raising too many children. There would be a significant decline in world population if the legal for marriage is made 24 years.

    Good medical facilities
    Because of the high rural-urban divide in India, availability of good hospitals and doctors is limited to urban centers thus resulting in high infant mortality rate in rural areas. Rural people, in order to ensure that at least some of their kids survive, give birth to more and more kids thus contributing to the population growth. If provided with optimum medical facilities population rate will almost certainly decline.

    Law and order
    Strict action is required for child marriage, education, abolition of child labor and beggary and family planning to reap significant benefits from it. Proper enforcement of laws related to child labor, slavery and beggary will ensure that parents don’t sell their children or send them out to work thus forcing them to raise lesser number of kids.

    Providing a financial incentive can be a highly effective population measure. There are certain incentive policies like paying certain some of money to people with only 1 kid or free or discounted education for single child etc.

    Women empowerment
    Gender discrimination is a major reason for population growth. People keep giving birth to kids in order to have more sons than daughters. Empowering woman with a say in matters concerning them like child birth and educating them to fight against discrimination will ensure a healthy and aware society.

    Free contraceptives
    Ensuring that people have easy and free access to contraception tools will help avoiding cases of unwanted pregnancies and births. Every hospital should be made to provide efficient birth control medicines free of cost since poor people have neither the means not awareness to use contraception.

  2. It’s important to use days like World population day to make people realise what we are heading too and what are its repercussions. The youth have to raise their voice to try and spread the world because they and their children are going to face the consequences. Thanks for writing this eye opener

    Abha Sharma, Raipur, on Whatapp

  3. Everybody is self centered and busy in their own limited circle. Our population is the root cause for many problems and its going to increase. As it’s rightly pointed out that the working couples are staying childless with choice and the slum population is increasing which is another major issue to crack. Thanks for this eye opener
    Ranjit Dash, Kolkata, on whatsap

  4. World population day also needs as much attention as Earth day. It is equally significant. More awareneas programmes and initiatives are required to deal with the issue.

  5. The issue is so serious but nothing serious is being done about it. The combating should start now to get benefits after years.The article was a good eye opener
    Sudha Rao,Hyerabad, On whatapp